Hi, need to submit a 1000 words essay on the topic Strength of Material. Downloa

Hi, need to submit a 1000 words essay on the topic Strength of Material.
Download file to see previous pages… Stress can be defined as the force acting on a given area. This is mathematically represented as
Robert hook investigated the behavior of material under tensile force and found out that the extension on materials was proportional to the applied load. This is called the hooks law. Hooks law apply up to the elastic limit. Continued application of load beyond the elastic limit results to the material becoming plastic, That is, its elongation is not proportional to the applied load and does not regain its original shape once the force is removed.
The concept of stress was introduced by Cauchy in 1822. Cauchy found out that a body was subjected to surface and internal forces. These caused the deformation on the body. When stress is uniformly distributed over the cross-sectional area of a body, it can be calculated using the formula (1), however, the stress is not uniformly distributed. Cauchy calculated the state of stress at a given point and found it to be given by the second order tensor given below.
Another version of the Mohr stress circle is using the polar approach method. The Mohr stress circle can also be used for the determination of stress in the three dimensional plane. A special Mohr circle is drawn to calculate the nominal and shear stress in the three dimensional plane. …
Are the normal stresses. Where:
Are the shear stresses
Stress can also be calculated using the Mohr stress circle. this is the graphical representation of the stress. The diagrammatic representation of the Mohr stress circle is as shown below
Fig 1 showing the Mohr stress circle
Another version of the Mohr stress circle is using the polar approach method. The Mohr stress circle can also be used for the determination of stress in the three dimensional plane. A special Mohr circle is drawn to calculate the nominal and shear stress in the three dimensional plane. Other methods used in the determination of stress include the Biot stress tensor and the Kirchhoff stress tensor (Dieter, 1989).
In general the determination of stress using the graphical methods was laborious and complex, one required a lot of skills to draw these circles and determine the normal and shear stress. The method had many mathematical errors. These methods have largely been replaced by computerized material strength analysis (Marsden &amp. Hughes1994).
Current methods for the evaluation of stress include the use of software’s. Software’s such as AutoCAD and solid works enable engineers to have a detailed analysis of the behavior of the designed product under loading. This helps in developing products that don’t fail easily. Another program that is widely used is the Finite element analysis program. It enables the graphical representation of a designed engineering component under load.
Dieter, G. (1989). Mechanical Metallurgy. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Ferdinand, P. (1992). Mechanics of Materials. New York: McGraw-Hill Professional
Marsden, J. &amp. Hughes, T. (1994). Mathematical Foundations of Elasticity.

Compose a 2000 words essay on Middle Class Societies Of America And England. Nee

Compose a 2000 words essay on Middle Class Societies Of America And England. Needs to be plagiarism free!
Download file to see previous pages… Therefore Roosevelt became the first president to support the labor and assigned the government a direct role and duty to all the people.
The new women’s colleges were opened and there the female reformers were educated. These females who were white middle class young women handled the “problem ” of Immigrant, who constituted “dark skinned” Italians, peasant Jews and immigrants from southeastern Europe.
The middle class women were barred to possess the professional educational qualifications pursue Consumer’s League, and “Americanizing” centers known as settlement houses. These organizations targeted to wipe off the corruption and vice bred by the men their career. So, the women formed into groups and had built themselves as associations to take active part in the public life. Some of the associations are Women’s Trade Union League, the Women’s Christian Temperance Union, and the National.
The women succeeded in their campaign to get the right to vote. But their battle of suffrage lasted for as long as from 1848 to 1920, in the year 1920 nineteenth amendment granted 26 million women, half of the nations population, the right to vote. The Fourteenth Amendment sanctioned the citizenship to the blacks. The Civil Rights Law of the 1960s was stepping stone for those who fought for America’s promise of equal rights for all.
The movement of women, for suffrage began at Seneca Falls. The American Society challenged severely the efforts of women that they cannot cross the threshold of men. But as the situation prolonged, the women got educated, and their movement turned out to be a respectable one. By 1910, the movement developed into a mass movement. In England too it was the same condition, the women were aggressive to sweep out their miseries and were carrying their movement for fundamental rights. In both the nations, by 1919, the Amendment Act was passed for women granting their right to vote.
Detroit, the city was known as the “arsenal of Democracy” during the Second World War. The city of Detroit required a large number of labor who came from Africa. They were not given accommodation and like this the riots erupted which turned to be the bloodiest in the history of he nation. This racial conflict has begun very long past in 1863 and lasted till 1941. The racial riots have a long history in Detroit. There were about 200,000 black labors, constricted to sixty square blocks and compelled to live under dreadful sanitary conditions. Awfully the place was named as Paradise Valley while it was a hell for the inhabitants. There was an integrated amusement park. It was known as Belle Isle. This was the place where the Detroit riots began at this particular spot. The rumors still aggravated the situation and mainly because of the police sergeant spread some rumors regarding a women and her baby over the Belle Isle bridge, the black retaliated, looted, destroyed white owned stores, white skinned people were attacked without discrimination. Similar way white also retaliated in the same way. The situation continued without any holds, Detroit became practically a hellhole until Mayor Edward J. Jeffries called more than six thousand federal army troops was stationed throughout the Detroit city.

I will pay for the following essay Nursing Care and Management. The essay is to

I will pay for the following essay Nursing Care and Management. The essay is to be 16 pages with three to five sources, with in-text citations and a reference page.
Download file to see previous pages… The nurse is responsible for maintaining the lines and preventing complications throughout therapy. Therefore, practically, the nurses need to know the administration methods and primary uses of intravenous therapy. As far as the peripherally inserted short intravenous catheters are concerned, the nurses need to know how to maintain, manage, and offer care to these lines and devices, since a default in such knowledge may lead to several aberrations culminating into complications that may increase the sufferings of the patients (Dougherty, 2002, 45-52). Therefore, to ensure quality and standards of care, it would be worthwhile to examine the knowledge of the nurses and their understanding about the care and management short peripheral catheters in actual practice. The intent of this study from the literature can help this researcher identifying gaps, if there be any, in the understanding of this process, and then steps to address these deviations in care can be employed to improve case based on evidence.
Background: The factors that are involved in choosing an intravenous delivery method would be dictated by the therapy’s purpose and duration. the patient’s diagnosis, age, and health history. and the condition of his veins. In peripheral intravenous therapy, the nurse is required to administer intravenous solutions through a vein in the arm, hand, leg, or foot for short-term or intermittent therapy. The nurse in this regard is required to know how to prepare the intravenous catheter insertion site, how to insert, maintain, and remove specific intravenous lines and devices. how to control infection and maintain flow rates. and how to monitor the patient’s response to therapy. The nurse has also patient-teaching responsibilities in relation to the intravenous therapy issues (HICPAC, 2002).
Although applicable to surgical intensive care practice nursing, the statement made by Chesnutt and Everhart holds good for management and care of short intravenous catheters for intravenous therapy. It has been observed that graduate nurses function as advanced beginners. These nurses mainly rely on rules and at the same time lack the clinical ability to adapt to rapidly changing situations. However, they are task oriented. In addition, a focus on completing tasks rather than using advanced planning and prevention strategies may hinder the nurses from preventing urgent situations among patients. Thus, there is a need for nurses to have the skills to anticipate and prevent complications. It is to be noted that this holds good for all clinical techniques and skills, not just intravenous catheter related complications. However, this article also does not mention about the clinical guidelines and competency requirement of registered nurses that they require to be both accountable and responsible in terms of introducing a peripheral venous catheter and prevention of complications associated with it (Chesnutt and Everhart, 2007, 36-51).
Karadeniz and coworkers in their article, “Nurses’ knowledge regarding patients with intravenous catheters and phlebitis interventions” explore these responsibilities in terms of prevention of complications associated with catheter during intravenous therapy.

Complete 9 page APA formatted essay: Economics of the Environment. Download file

Complete 9 page APA formatted essay: Economics of the Environment.
Download file to see previous pages… Particular issues include the cost and benefits of alternative environmental policies to deal with air pollution, water quality, and toxic substances, Solid waste, and global warming (Hanely, Shogern &amp. White, 2001). Some of the major projects, which have substantial environmental impacts, is Afforestation of Surplus agricultural land, hydroelectric schemes, Building, or widening roads, constructing a new Airport and Manufacturing cars. All the above projects are likely to generate substantial Environmental costs and/or benefits, and they can be considered as Potential Investment. Potential Investment: A Potential Investment can be defined as the Investment made by an investor for growth (profit) of his/her investments in a firm or in a project. Investors look for evidence that, we can really produce growth in our project, and they look for three important things before investing, excellent growth potential, exceptional return on investment, up to 25% to 45% and a way to get their money out. We have to show them how our opportunity will deliver all three, and doing so will be a potential investment made by an investor in our firm or in a project. A Potential Investment can also be a huge project, which has a substantial impact on the environment. It can be a Hydroelectric project, Afforestation project, Building or widening roads, constructing a new airport, and Manufacturing cars. As these projects, have many impacts such as on environment, for profit of an investor, public convenience and many more. When a project is been started, they are many calculation done for different purpose, such as profit, low initial cost, higher efficiency of the project, easy maintenance, etc… In
addition, for doing such calculation different numerical, theoretical, ratio analysis and analytical
methods such as CBA (cost beneficial analysis) and CEA (cost effectiveness analysis) are been
For this assignment, we select Afforestation of surplus agricultural land as our major
project, which deals with planting of trees on land that did not carry forest for centuries, i.e.
Afforestation is a clear shift in land use of a certain area. Afforestation in form of planting trees
and future maintenance is an investment for landowner, and possible forgone revenues from
Agriculture need to be included. Afforestation of former arable land will have many positive
environmental effects. The change from agriculture to forestry means less input of pesticides and
Fertilizers that may possibly leach to ground water reserves and the establishment of habitat for
species associated with forest. Forest’s also able to better retain nitrogen from arable use in the
ecosystem, thereby avoiding eutrophication of water reserves. In this paper, we show how CBA
can be used as a decision support mechanism for the location of new (urban) forestland, starting
from the multifunctional role of these new forests. We start with a simple presentation of the
Cost-benefit analysis (CBA) technique. Key features of these evaluation techniques are that (i)
assess the monetary value of all benefits and cost (ii) the issue of discounting and (iii) the
decision rules used in CBA. Finally, we apply the CBA to a real life policy problem. We
investigate the net benefits per Hectare of combinations of potential forests that meet the surface
restriction of 540 ha. We show the importance of including recreation benefits in the evaluation
of afforestation projects and more specifically the role of alternative forests (substitutes) in the
valuation of one specific Forest.

Create a 14 page essay paper that discusses Soft Systems Methodology. Download f

Create a 14 page essay paper that discusses Soft Systems Methodology.
Download file to see previous pages… This action research-based, interpretive approach is strongly influenced by Vickers’ (1968, pp.59,176) description of the importance of appreciative systems in dealing with human complexity. Checkland (1981), and Checkland and Scholes (1990) have attempted to transform these ideas from systems theory into a practical methodology that is called Soft Systems Methodology (SSM).
Soft Systems Methodology developed by Professor Peter Checkland is a way of dealing with problem situations in which there is a high social, political and human activity component. (Checkland, 1981) This distinguishes SSM from other methodologies that deal with hard problems which are more technologically oriented. Thus, SSM can be a useful research tool for understanding problematic ELT situations. (Holliday, 1990)
Hard problems are problems characterized by the fact that they can be well defined. The assumption is that there is a definite solution and we can define a number of specific goals that must be accomplished. Soft problems, on the other hand, are difficult to define.When we think of soft problems, we don’t think of problems but of problem situations. It is the classic situation of it not being a “problem” but an “opportunity”. Soft Systems methodology was developed for the express purpose of dealing with problems of this type.His “Soft Systems Methodology” was created through a number of research projects in industry and its application and refinement over a number of years. A leading SSM specialist in Japan, suggests that SSM can be a useful research tool in the educational context, and argues that it can be applied to any messy, problematic human situation that requires decision-making aimed at improvement (Kijima, 1999) The most important feature of this analysis of data, information and knowledge is that the act of creating information is a human act, not one which a machine can accomplish. It is the human being who can attribute meaning to the selected data. (Checkland, Holwell, 1998)
SSM is divided into seven distinct stages. These are.
1.Finding out about the problem situation. This is basic research into the problem area. Who are the key players How does the process work now etc.
2.Expressing the problem situation through Rich Pictures. As with any type of diagram, more knowledge can be communicated visually. A picture is worth a 1000 words.
3.Selecting how to view the situation and producing root definitions. From what different perspectives can we look at this problem situation.
4.Building conceptual models of what the system must do for each root definitions. You have basic “Whats” from the root definitions. Now begin to define “Hows”.
5.Comparison of the conceptual models with the real world. Compare the results from steps 4 and 2 and see where they differ and are similar.
6.Identify feasible and desirable changes. Are there ways of improving the situation.
7.Recommendations for taking action to improve the problem situation. How would you implement the changes from step 6.
Step 1: Problem situation unstructured
The initial stage consists simply of managers and/or employees (problem owner) deciding that a review or change of tasks and the way they are performed is required, and an analyst (problem solver) is called in to review and provide recommendations.

Hello, I am looking for someone to write an essay on Bottled Water Industry. It

Hello, I am looking for someone to write an essay on Bottled Water Industry. It needs to be at least 1750 words.
Download file to see previous pages… In 1990, it was found that Perrier bottles contains Benzene contents which are poisonous and even though Perrier assured it was a minor mistake done during operations, people didn’t believe and had to reposition their brand after calling back 160 million dollars worth of sale. Perrier then introduced the lime and lemon flavors, and to introduce new stuff, they have also introduced Grape mint flavor after 2000. The bottled water boom was actually an unpredicted and strange phenomenon because the demand rose when Britain was at a height of recession, but now that it is mature and people are consuming it, there is cut-throat competition to capture the 1 million Euros per day market (second-opinions.co.uk).
The UK market for natural bottled water has grown by 54% between 1993 and 1997, with volume sales reaching 804 million lt and worth an estimated 402 million pounds sterling. Still mineral water sales amount to 504 million lt in 1997, representing 62.6% of the market, with sparkling water sales estimated at 300 million lt. Premier Waters, with its Evian and Voltic brands, leads the branded market with a 17.6% share. The mineral waters market is forecast to reach volume sales of 1.42 billion lt by 2002, worth 493.6 million pounds sterling (faqs.org).
Spokeswoman for P…
This resulted in Perrier having 5.7% of total market share in bottled water market and it was ranked third, with Arrowhead and Sparkletts at number 1 and 2 respectively. Unlike most of the similar products that promote health and safety through the water, Perrier shows the way to be cool and target youth. The restaurant chains make a big time business for Perrier as the brand is widely used and even after so many ups and downs with the brand, it still remains at the top with a relatively good image. Perrier’s sales in 1987 were 180 million Euros and they captured 40% of the market that year (books.google.com).
Although the UK government and the ministry has tried several times to tell people that tap water is as safe as mineral water and they should not spend Euros on it, but nothing helped and people still use it in a large quantity. The market has now grown to more than 92 mineral water producers and another 30+ flavored mineral water producers. Most of the companies market themselves as a drink that is a family need, with sophistication and love. On the other hand, only Strathmore water and Perrier markets itself as a cool and chilling drink for the youth which should be taken on beaches and events. The most common observation is the sport event sponsoring done by most of the companies. Highland Spring sponsored UK cycling marathon held in January 2010 and British tennis in November 2009 (highland-spring.com), similarly Buxton water called itself ‘the official water of England cricket’. This shows that there is a cut throat competition and companies are constantly trying to be at the top by spending millions on advertising and promotional campaigns.

Complete 2 page APA formatted essay: Automotive Design. Download file to see pre

Complete 2 page APA formatted essay: Automotive Design.
Download file to see previous pages… When an automobile is being designed the customer’s taste and expectation plays a very important role, as it affects the market and the sales. The competition in the automobile industry is growing day after day. Every company is trying hard to out beat the other in providing the customer with the best possible design and engineering. The future of automotive design will see different kinds of automobiles, such as, eco-friendly vehicles, custom made vehicles, vehicles that are not too heavy on the pocket and suit the lower middle class section of the society.
Eco-friendly vehicles are on the rise. Moving away from the traditional form of fuel, that is petrol and diesel, vehicles are being designed to run on gas. Gas is not only cheaper than petrol and diesel. it is also fuel efficient and gives the vehicle a better mileage. Designing fuel efficient vehicles is on the rise as people are looking for vehicles that are cost effective and easy to maintain. Another advantage of vehicles that run gas or electricity is that they are eco-friendly and produce less pollution.
Another design feature that is growing is start-stop.

Complete 2 page APA formatted essay: If they dont read much. Download file to se

Complete 2 page APA formatted essay: If they dont read much.
Download file to see previous pages… ‘ and the ‘Accelerated Reader’ program in place, However, these incentive programs have not had the desired effect of turning children into avid and motivated readers. They are on the contrary according to the author, quite ‘de-motivating’, as also borne out by research on the same subject by Fawson and Moore (1999). Keeping this in mind, the author has offered some suggestions, which teachers could implement should they feel that their struggling readers are not motivated enough by whatever their respective schools are currently doing to motivate the children to read. Some of the suggestions put forth by the author are as follows: –
Revisit teacher read aloud practices. The best way of motivating children to read is to read aloud to the class. When elementary grade students were asked what motivated them to read particular texts, the response in most cases was, “My teacher read it in the class”. The same response was equally forthcoming when the same question was put to college students. This is very important when one considers that motivation to read declines as students make the transition from elementary to middle school since “students are more oriented to grades, competition, and their own competence than elementary education” (Guthrie and Davis).

Create a 8 page essay paper that discusses Virgin Atlantic A Premium Brand. Down

Create a 8 page essay paper that discusses Virgin Atlantic A Premium Brand.
Download file to see previous pages… The airline industry is one of the fastest growing industries in the world. The airline industry is playing a major role towards the growth of the world economy and also helping to increase tourism activities. The concept of high quality and money worthy airline was introduced in 1984. Virgin Atlantic is world’s first luxurious airline established by the founder of Virgin Group, Richard Branson. Virgin Atlantic is headquartered in West Sussex, UK. Nowadays the company is operating globally. For example, Virgin Atlantic provides airline service in countries such as Australia, Caribbean, China, Hong Kong, India, Japan, Nigeria, South Africa, Dubai, and the USA. At present Virgin Atlantic Airways has a fleet of ten Airbus A330-300s, Four Airbus A340 aircraft, and five Boeings 747. They already have ordered six Airbus A380 aircraft which will be in operation from the year 2015. The company also operates with cargo flights in some countries of the world. Apart from that, the company has also entered the hospitality industry in 1984 and launched Virgin Holidays. Virgin Holidays tour and traveling venture that operates in the new Virgin Atlantic routes such as Orlando, Miami etc. Some of the major competitors of Virgin Atlantic are British Airways, Air France, and the Fly Emirates. Presently, the employee strength of Virgin Atlantic is around 9000 worldwide. Last financial year Virgin Atlantic earned £46.8m revenue while their annual turnover is around £2m. Virgin Atlantic is acknowledged globally for its excellence in services to the customers and the unique promotional strategy. Through this report, the competitive strategies and core competencies of Virgin Atlantic airline will be uncovered.

Create a 1 page essay paper that discusses Commercial Rental Market in Midwester

Create a 1 page essay paper that discusses Commercial Rental Market in Midwestern City.
Download file to see previous pages… Per square foot annual rental cost = 43.12 + 7.47 * Occupancy – 3.9 * Wiring1 – 0.9 * Distance to City Center – 0.76 * Distance to Airport + 0.53 * Number of Elevator – 0.35 * Length of Lease – 0.11 * Years to last Renovations + 0.09 * Building Age.
For a 3 year lease of 50,000 sqft of newly renovated and wired space that is one mile away from city center and fifteen miles away from the nearest airport, with 75% occupancy, three elevators, four years since last renovations in a ten year old building, the predicted per square foot annual cost of rent is $34, and predicted total annual cost of rent is $1,701,712.
An office that is ten miles away from the airport its per square foot rent is valued on the real estate market at $33, while an office that is twenty miles away from the airport is valued at $26, with a discount value of 70% per mile. Similarly, the presence of office wiring is valued at $34.5, while no office wiring at $30.6, with a discount value of 10%. An office with 0.75 occupancy is valued at $29.8 per square foot, while an office with 0.97 occupancy is valued at $31.5.